I haven't really had much in the way of apple spirits before. Not long ago I picked up a bottle of Laird's Straight Bonded Apple Brandy. Laird's is well known as Apple Jack, which is the Bonded's little sibling. It has a long tradition in America. In Europe apple spirits are known as apple brandy or calvados, which comes from Normandy. It's all tasty stuff. The apple flavor in the Laird's Bonded is just great. The Jack Rose cocktail is probably the most well known apple jack recipe.
This recipe makes a tiny cocktail, so to get a more normal sized drink you would probably want to at least double this, if not triple it. It pretty much ends up being a shot of Irish whiskey with a twist. It has a sweetener and some bitters, so it has the classic cocktail parts, in a shot glass.
Why doesn't this have rum in it? That's what I think about when I think of Havana. Anyway, this is definitely an unexpected mix of ingredients for a cocktail with this name. I couldn't find any history about it online, and I don't have older cocktail books to reference where it may have come from. Curious.
A classic cobbler is just gin, sugar and some fruit as a garnish. Savoy and Café Royal have a Grape Fruit cocktail, but it is not listed as a cobbler, which has its own section at the back of the book. Lommebogen's recipe is the same as Café Royal, so I'm just going to ignore Axel calling it a cobbler.Though I suppose you could blur the line a little bit topping it with some grapefruit as well. The Savoy recipe is quite different in that it uses grapefruit marmalade instead of juice.
The Golden Fizz is essentially a Gin Fizz with an egg yolk in it. Just to be complete on the standard fizzes with egg, a Silver Fizz uses egg white instead of yolk, and a Royal Fizz uses a whole egg. The Savoy has 27 fizz recipes, all with little variations on the standard. Some swap out the main spirit, while others add another element, like an egg, liqueur, or other flavor. I can see myself exploring all of the Savoy fizzes sometime soon. Out of all of these though, I love cocktails with egg (I'm a huge flip fan) so this is definitely right up my alley.
Now that we've navigated the fuzzy world of Gin Fix and Gin Fizz, the Gin Sling gives us something with more than subtle distinctions. That said the name history for the sling is its own murky space, pulling in the Toddy and a general discussion on what defines a cocktail. I'm going to let you just go read Savoy Stomp's research on this one. You will note that the Lommebogen recipe is quite different in that it has whisky in there, along with lemon juice.
Onwards with gin drinks that have slightly confusing definitions. The Gin Fizz is a pretty straightforward cocktail, and you can see that it's similar to the previous Gin Fix, but the most common confusion for this one is with the Tom Collins. They are both like gin lemonades with soda water. At the end of the day the difference here is even more subtle that between the Fizz and the Fix.
After the Gin Cocktail, we continue the run of classic gin cocktails with the Gin Fix. You'll see that this and the Gin Fizz which follows are quite similar, but there are some subtle distinctions. The main difference I can discern between a fix and a fizz is that the fix uses regular water instead of soda water, and there is fresh fruit on it. The fruit is apparently the truly defining thing about a fix. I said subtle, right?
This is a simple cocktail in the classic definition of a cocktail. Back in the day the word "cocktail" was specifically for drinks that consisted of just liquor, a little sweetener, and some bitters. That's it. You can think of the classic old fashioned for the basic definition of a cocktail. Very simple, and they can be very nice variations on just a shot of liquor. I find it interesting that the Lommebogen recipe is pretty classic, with the sweetener, while the Savoy and Café Royal omit the sugar and up the bitters.